For all motherboards, you will need a 24 pin and 4+4 pin CPU/EPS cable.
For graphics cards, the exact PCIE cables needed depend on the make and model of your card. I recommend navigating to the manufacturer's website and checking the specifications for power requirements.
The vast majority of recent graphics cards require a single 8 pin PCIE cable, 8 & 6 pin PCIE cables, or 2x 8 pin PCIE cables.
SATA power cables are used to connect 2.5/3.5" HDDs or SSDs. They are also used to power most AIO liquid coolers.
Molex power cables are most commonly used to power custom watercooling pumps.
For more information about what cables you'll need for your build, please click here.